Residential Electrician - Wireman
A Residential Wireman is someone who has a limited Electrician's license. In states that license Electricians most recognize that residential wiring is not as demanding as Commercial, Outside Lineman or Industrial electrical work so the Residential Wireman's apprenticeship is less arduous. There job is to install, modify and repair residential electrical services. In other words they only work on single and multifamily dwellings.
Residential Wireman Apprenticeships
Apprenticeships lengths can vary from area to area but normally they are over 4000 hours of OJT plus over 400 hours of Technical Training. This will take you 2 to 3 years to complete and like the other Electrician Specialties you will have to pass exams to become certified in the state you to work in.
Some Apprenticeship programs will transfer you to a new contractor each year to ensure you have a diversified training experience. Technical Training is done in a classroom which you attend two nights a week. The first evening class deals with the theory and the following class allows hands on work to build on this knowledge.
As a Residential Wireman you will work on any building deemed a dwelling. This could be single family homes, multi family such as duplexes, fourplexes, condominiums, apartments etc. Each building type has its' own challenges and complexity. Modern home owners are demanding more technology be integrated into their dwellings and this impacts Residential Wireman more than the other trades as you will be the one installing this technology. The trade is evolving. You will be required to install computer communication system, sophisticated alarm systems, energy management system etc.
Of course the above is just a short list of new technology. The Residential Wireman will still have to carry out his or her normal construction tasks such as establishing temporary power at the beginning of construction, installing electrical service to the building (see our page on this), planning and installing the wiring runs through the building (see our page on this), wire and install lights, switches, heat and air conditioning controls and power runs, receptacles and on and on.
The work will be indoors and out. If you are in new construction this means the house is not yet heated or air conditioned. Work is more scheduled than someone who is a lineman but can still entail overtime on a regular basis will definitely require travel to and from the job site.
Another large part of the job is renovations and repair. Running new wire in a finished house is a complex task. Finding existing wiring, figuring out the best wiring route with the least amount of wall damage is a must. This is where crawling through attics and crawl spaces become a daily event. Determining the correct branch wiring and then getting it done with the least amount of fuss and bother to the home owner. Residential Wireman do all this and much more while working on the renovation.
Residential Wireman Salary
We go more in depth on this in our Electrician Salary page but with this limited license you do not make as much as the other Electrician specialties. That being said your training is roughly half as long so this makes sense. Although the pay is less it still is the same process. When you start as an Apprentice you will start at around 40% of a Journeyman's pay rate and this will increase in increments as your OJT hour increase and your Technical Training is completed.